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Monday, July 13, 2020 | History

2 edition of Practical insights into decision-making for shoreline clean-up of oil spills found in the catalog.

Practical insights into decision-making for shoreline clean-up of oil spills

John R. Harper

Practical insights into decision-making for shoreline clean-up of oil spills

by John R. Harper

  • 261 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by Dobrocky Seatech in Sidney, B.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oil spills -- Environmental aspects,
  • Shore protection

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJohn R. Harper.
    SeriesEnvironmental studies revolving funds report -- no. 033
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTD427P4 H37 11986
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 44 p.
    Number of Pages44
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL21785239M
    ISBN 100920783325

    Full text of "ERIC ED Environment: The Human Impact. Selections from "The Science Teacher."" See other formats. Full text of "DEEPWATER HORIZON: OIL SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE MEASURES, AND NATURAL RESOURCE IMPACTS" See other formats.

      Whistleblowing and the Environment Posted on Octo by Climate Science Watch The Government Accountability Project’s American Whistleblower Tour made its first stop of the season at West Virginia University, in an event titled Whistleblowing and the Environment: From Climate Change to the Gulf Oil Spill. This book addresses several key questions on chapter basis, including historical accidents, background information on main dynamic restrictions, oil pollution, oil spill detection and clean-up recoveries, its impacts on biological communities, socioeconomic aspects and subjects with the international agreements.

    However, after the Pallas cargo shipwreck caused one of Germany’s largest oil spills, she remembers being warned against the toxic oil slicks and finding dead birds along the shoreline. Twenty years later, Karen says it is still possible to find tar . Massive oil spills can be very damaging; however, it is the collective contribution of small amounts of petroleum products due to leakage, accidents, and runoff from roadways, rail yards, and parking lots that introduce a large amount of oil and petroleum products into .


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Practical insights into decision-making for shoreline clean-up of oil spills by John R. Harper Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Practical insights into decision-making for shoreline clean-up of oil spills. [J R Harper; Environmental Studies Revolving Funds (Canada)] -- Offshore oil spills present complicated problems in terms of minimizing environmental and economic impacts and in terms of implementing activities to mitigate the effects of spills.

The identification and evaluation of oil spill risk is important for contingency planning, as well as for the decision-making processes inherent in spill risk management. It needs to encompass both the probability of oil spills occurring under a number of types of circumstances, along with the potential consequences or impacts of the oil spillage.

Oil Spill Applied Technologies V olume I – Decision Making NOTE: This revision of Volume I of the “Selection Guide for Oil Spill Applied Technologies” reflects many changes from the previous versions. Scientific and Environmental Associates, Incorporated and the Members of the Selection Guide Development Committee.

Scientists from the Emergency Response Division (ERD) of NOAA's Office of Response and Restoration frequently conduct research on oil and chemical spill topics, both within NOAA and with other agencies and partners. Below is a sampling of their publications, grouped by year.

To find more of ERD's scientific publications, you may want to check these. Marine oil spills are no longer considered unavoidable "accidents" resulting from adverse environmental conditions or functions of catastrophic events. More than 80% of all spills are the result of "human error".

The focus of the current legal, regulatory, and convention framework affecting the transportation of oil by ship reflects a recent change in public attitude, in which Reviews: 1.

The oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico was documented by shoreline assessment teams as stranding on 1, km of shoreline. Beaches comprised %, marshes %, and other shoreline types % of the oiled shoreline. Shoreline cleanup activities were authorized on km, or % of oiled beaches and up to 71 km, or % of oiled marshes.

The Cost of Oil Spills from Tankers in Relation to Weight of Spilled Oil ness of new regulations for reducing oil spills into the sea in port spills are times as expensive to clean up Author: Yasuhira Yamada. Many procedures are used to clean up oil spilled in marine environments: chemical dispersants can be applied to the oil to break down the oil into small droplets; oil can be combusted via scorching; oil can be mechanically removed; oil can be washed off the shoreline using high pressure hot water hoses; and oil can be skimmed off the surface or Cited by: When oil spills near a potentially sensitive coastline or resource (and near a potentially sensitive public), the most cost-effective approach to a cleanup operation is to invest as much equipment, personnel and energy into keeping the oil away from the shoreline or sensitive resource.

Spill experts have estimated that in spillFile Size: KB. The aim of decision making during oil spill response management is to minimize pollution effects on coastal areas, once spills occur. However, limited equipments or options prevent such a. Oil slicks on the water surface are particularly dangerous to seabirds, sea turtles, marine mammals, sensitive early life stages of fish (e.g., fish eggs and embryos), and intertidal resources (such as marshes and beaches and all of the plants and animals that live in those habitats).

Oil, in addition to being toxic when inhaled or ingested, interferes with birds' and mammals' ability to. Earlier this year, researchers at Penn State University and Rice University developed a method to clean up oil spills in water using solid, spongy blocks of carbon nanotubes.

Separating oil from seawater is just one of a range of potential applications for the new material formed using carbon and a dash of boron. Sources of US Oil Spills gallon vessel soil US Coast Guard Data Dispersants Shoreline Cleanup In recognition of the difficulty of oil containment and removal operations in rough seas, present efforts by the Edison Team are centering on the evaluation of oil dispersing chemicals and their delivery systems for coping with large scale spills.

Show the ARCO/Alyeska videos. These describe environmental considerations, clean-up procedures and the industry’s revised response system to a spill. Explain that in this unit, they will be studying a variety of clean-up techniques. Encourage students to clip current events about oil spills in their states and in other.

BP Case-Study Ethics in Today’s Organizations Nicki Marzolf March 1, Company Summary Beyond Petroleum (BP) is a British oil company that was founded over a century ago by an affluent business man, William D’Arcy. D’Arcy put all of his money into searching for oil in the Middle.

ELEMENT. PERFORMANCE CRITERIA. Establish context of spill. Gather intelligence to determine the size and impact of the situation. Identify the character and behaviour of the oil spill.

Consult and involve appropriate advisors in establishing the context of the spill. Identify and confirm response objectives. Provide accurate, timely and relevant. In addition to exploring the viability of an ecosystem services approach to damage assessment and approaches to measuring and increasing the resiliency of the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) ecosystem, the committee was also charged with evaluating the effectiveness of the various spill response technologies used during the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill and, where Cited by: 1.

Bayesian inference-based environmental decision support systems for oil spill response strategy selection. the Bayesian networks approach can be a significant aid in decision-making. However, it is the insights into the problem, (e.g.

the availability of shoreline clean-up personnel or quantities of dispersant may initially be uncertain Cited by: The vessel spilled million gallons of crude oil into Prince William Sound, and the oil eventually cove square miles of ocean and miles of.

Back inCleanTechnica took note of a research project aimed at demonstrating that giant clams can clean up ocean oil spills. Well, file that under S for Setting the bar kind of low. If new research from the University of Pennsylvania bears fruit, giant clams could provide the inspiration for a new solar energy "transformer" system that.

Defining and selecting objectives and performance metrics for oil spill response assessment: A process design integrating metrics should factor into consideration human behavior. Spills and responses to them have claimed that more diesel fuel was expended on clean up efforts than barrels of oil were lost in the spill.Suggested Citation:"References."National Research Council.

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico.Answers to where was the oil going, how much was involved, and when would it arrive would influence many decisions.

Responders used the best available resources for decision-making, but the blowout’s magnitude and depth was a first for the Gulf and the need for improved transport modeling became apparent.